Most of the photos displayed here illustrate mainly Sikh immigration owing to the fact that early settlement from Punjab was predominantly Sikh. In the early part of this century all immigrants from India were indiscriminately called "hindoo" or "hindu" regardless of religious affiliation. The term "hindoo" was also sometimes used in a pejorative sense for anyone from that continent. Permission to reproduce any of these photographs must first be obtained from the archive shown in the photo credits.

ca. 1900. Sikh railroad workers, Washington (state). (Oregon Historical Society. #OrHi 52788)

1909 Sikh Workers on the Pacific & Eastern Railroad. (Photo courtesy of the Southern Oregon Historical Society, Medford, Oregon).

ca. 1909. Workers on the Pacific & Eastern Railroad construction. Lunch break? (Photo courtesy of the Southern Oregon Historical Society, Medford, Oregon. Photo #1706.)

ca. 1909. Sikhs from India at the Calapooia Lumber Company, Crawfordsville, Linn County, Oregon, 1905-1915. (Crawfordsville is about 30 miles north of Eugene, Oregon). (Photo courtesy of Stephen Williamson www.efn.org/~opal/indiamen.htm)

ca. 1909 Crawfordsville, Linn County, Oregon, 1905-1915. Man on bicycle. (Crawfordsville is about 30 miles north of Eugene, Oregon). (Photo courtesy of Stephen Williamson www.efn.org/~opal/indiamen.htm)

Citizens: Group Picture: Sikhs 1910. Studio group photo; their turbans are distinctive but not otherwise identifiable. No more is known about the group. Source:California State Library Photograph Collection Neg. GL#1912.

1913. SS Minnesota, Seattle, June 23, 1913. (Photo courtesy of Washington State Historical Society, Tacoma. Photo by Curtis, negative #27255)

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